CDCâ€™s Colorectal Cancer Control Program (CRCCP) has provided funding to 25 states and 4 tribal organizations across the United States since 2009. The CRCCPâ€™s goal is to increase colorectal (colon) cancer screening rates among men and women aged 50 to 75 years to 80% in the funded states. An increase in screening rates will reduce illness and death caused by colorectal cancer. This will be achieved primarily through non-screening activities aimed at making sure everyone is screened appropriately.
The program has two components: population-based approaches and screening provision.
Local CRCCP programs use evidence-based strategies recommended by the Task Force on Community Preventive Services to increase colorectal cancer screening, adapting them to their unique needs and situations. Local CRCCP programs work with local comprehensive cancer control programs and other partners to share resources for efficiency. The majority of program funds support these population-based activities.
Where feasible, local CRCCP programs provide colorectal cancer screening and follow-up care to low-income men and women aged 50 to 64 years who are underinsured or uninsured for screening, when resources are available and there is no other payment option. When possible, screening services are integrated with other publicly funded health programs or clinics that serve underserved populations, such as CDCâ€™s National Breast and Cervical Early Detection Program, CDCâ€™s WISEWOMAN Program, and the Health Resources and Services Administrationâ€™s Health Centers.
Since the programâ€™s inception in 2009, CRCCP has provided almost 55,000 colorectal cancer screening exams and diagnosed 165 colorectal cancers and 8,441 cases of precancerous adenomatous polyps. In program year 2014, CRCCP screened 13,425 people for colorectal cancer.
States and Tribal Organizations in CDCâ€™s Colorectal Cancer Control Program
States include Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Utah, and Washington. Tribal organizations include the Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, the Arctic Slope Native Association, the South Puget Intertribal Planning Agency, and Southcentral Foundation.
Of cancers affecting both men and women, colorectal cancer (cancer of the colon and rectum) is the second leading cancer killer in the United States, but it doesnâ€™t have to be. Screening can find precancerous polypsâ€”abnormal growths in the colon or rectumâ€”so they can be removed before turning into cancer. Screening also helps find colorectal cancer at an early stage, when treatment often leads to a cure.