CDC's Colorectal Cancer Control Program (CRCCP) has provided funding to 25 states and 4 tribal organizations across the United States since 2009. The CRCCP's goal is to increase colorectal (colon) cancer screening rates among men and women aged 50–75 years to 80% in the funded states by 2014. An increase in screening rates will reduce illness and death caused by colorectal cancer. This will be achieved primarily through non-screening activities aimed at making sure everyone is screened appropriately.
The program has two components: population-based approaches and screening provision.
Local CRCCP programs use evidence-based strategies recommended by the Task Force on Community Preventive Services to increase colorectal cancer screening, adapting them to their unique needs and situations. Local CRCCP programs work with local comprehensive cancer control programs and other partners to share resources for efficiency. The majority of program funds support these population-based activities.
Where feasible, local CRCCP programs provide colorectal cancer screening and follow-up care to low-income men and women aged 50–64 years who are underinsured or uninsured for screening, when resources are available and there is no other payment option. When possible, screening services are integrated with other publicly funded health programs or clinics that serve underserved populations, such as CDC's National Breast and Cervical Early Detection Program,National Breast and Cervical Early Detection Program, CDC's WISEWOMAN Program, and the Health Resources and Services Administration's Health Centers.
Since the program's inception in 2009, CRCCP has provided almost 50,000 colorectal cancer screening exams and diagnosed 141 colorectal cancers and 6,838 cases of precancerous adenomatous polyps. In program year 2013, CRCCP screened 14,873 people for colorectal cancer.
States and Tribal Organizations in CDC's Colorectal Cancer Control Program
States include Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Utah, and Washington. Tribal organizations include the Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, the Arctic Slope Native Association, the South Puget Intertribal Planning Agency, and Southcentral Foundation.
Colorectal cancerColorectal cancer—cancer of the colon or rectum—is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. In 2011, 51,783 people in the United States died of colorectal cancer (26,804 men and 24,979 women).1*
Colorectal cancer screeningColorectal cancer screening can find precancerous polyps (abnormal growths in the colon or rectum) so that they can be removed before turning into cancer. Screening also helps find colorectal cancer at an early stage, when treatment often leads to a cure. About nine out of every 10 people whose colorectal cancer is found early and treated are still alive five years later. If everyone aged 50 or older had regular screening testsscreening tests and all precancerous polyps were removed, the majority of deaths from colorectal cancer could be prevented.